IMC 2018: Sessions

Session 1611: Creating and Shaping Identities in the Medieval Baltic

Thursday 5 July 2018, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Beata Możejko, Zakład Historii Średniowiecza Polski i Nauk Pomocniczych Historii, Uniwersytet Gdański
Paper 1611-aLivonian Hospitality: The Livonian Rhymed Chronicle and the Formation of Identities on the 13th-Century Baltic Frontier
(Language: English)
Wojtek Jezierski, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborgs Universitet
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Mentalities, Military History, Religious Life
Paper 1611-b'Thus does Riga always water the nations!': The Use of Past to Justify the Future in Livonian Conversion
(Language: English)
Teemu Korpijärvi, Interdisciplinary Research Training Group (IRTG), Baltic Borderlands, Universität Greifswald / Department of Geographical & Historical Studies, University of Eastern Finland
Index terms: Crusades, Historiography - Medieval, Language and Literature - Latin
Paper 1611-cThe Haunting Memories of Forgotten Kings: Recollection of the Past and Oblivion in the Late Medieval Grand Duchy of Lithuania
(Language: English)
Vladimir Kananovich, Independent Scholar, Minsk
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Language and Literature - Slavic, Local History, Social History
Abstract

Paper -a:
This article explores the little-charted territory of hospitality and host-guest relationships as a way of understanding the meetings between the Christian crusaders and settlers and their heathen or newly converted adversaries in 13th-century Livonia. It demonstrates how a broad focus on the institutions, concepts, and discourses of hospitality can be used to explore the oscillation between confrontational and amicable attitudes on the Baltic frontier, and the consequences these processes had for the formation of local identities. The article addresses also the topics of frontier religious syncretism and the means and motivations of crusading in this age and region and what roles saunas played in all this.

Paper -b:
I examine how two crusading chronicles, the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia, and the Livonian Rhymed Chronicle helped lay foundations for the future justification of the 12th-13th-century Christianization and conquest of Livonia and Estonia, on the Latin Christian Baltic frontier, in the context of Latin Christian narrative tradition. The chronicles provide cornerstones for future justification of the Christian claims on the Baltic frontier against the local people, their Orthodox counterparts and each other. These texts were meant to record the events described for posterity and justify them.

Paper -c:
The paper I propose for the 25th International Medieval Congress refers to Forgetting and Oblivion: Natural Processes vs. Damnatio Memoriae. My intention is to study a few extraordinary cases of forgetting of earlier rulers in the chronicles of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania written in the 15th and 16th centuries. The purpose of the paper is to emphasise that their omissions in historical annals owed more to a conscious politics of new ruling dynasties than to a fragile nature of human memory. The ultimate aim is to bring understanding of a collective forgetting in the Middle Ages as a largely deliberate, purposeful, and regulated process.