Trade was often subjected to extensive regulation in medieval towns. Most town laws contained rules about where and when it was allowed to trade, as well as how a purchase was to be carried out. However, comparisons reveal that the regulations were different in all town laws, to a major or minor extent. I wish to illustrate some of the differences and similarities, mainly between Scandinavian and German laws, and discuss their meaning.
‘Robin Hood and the Monk’ (1450) and ‘Robin Hood and the Potter’ (1500) reject the image of the yeomen memorialized in literature by presenting a more specific yeoman-as-group identity through the appropriation of romance conventions associated with the aristocracy, specifically the quest, and how it is parodied in these ballads. This parody exposes a lack of virtue and selflessness in knighthood paralleling both historical accounts of questing knights and documents of self-aggrandizing adventures of the aristocracy. Simultaneously, it upholds justice for yeomen and enumerates the issues of yeomen social identity that reject the memory of them in popular social imagination.