IMC 2018: Sessions

Session 607: The Materiality of Inter-Faith Relations and Memories across and beyond the Mediterranean

Tuesday 3 July 2018, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Geoffrey Humble, Department of History, University of Birmingham
Paper 607-aConstruction and Reconstruction of the Past in the Mediterranean Basin, 350-800: Transformation of the Sacred Landscapes in the Name of the Utopian Ideals
(Language: English)
Leonela Fundic, Department of Ancient History, Macquarie University, Sydney
Index terms: Archaeology - Sites, Architecture - Religious, Religious Life
Paper 607-bAndalusian Mudejar: A Collective Memory of the Islamic Form between Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the Old and New World
(Language: English)
Hee Sook Lee-Niinioja, Independent Scholar, Helsinki
Index terms: Architecture - General, Art History - Decorative Arts

Paper -a:
Various cultural and artistic interactions between different religions and their utopian ideals from the 4th to the beginning of the 8th century cause fundamental changes to the Mediterranean sacred landscapes. First, the expansion of Christianity and decline of paganism contributed to the destruction of local shrines and temples or their transformation into Christian churches. Following this, the regional sacred topography was even more fundamentally altered through Islamic conquests. This paper addresses some of these transformations through archaeological evidence to show how religious shrines were used and reshaped to create an ideal future.

Paper -b:
Mudejar is a symbiosis of techniques and ways of understanding buildings in the Iberian Peninsula (12th century), created by Muslims who worked for Christians, and even Jews, during the Reconquest. The style developed intricate tiling patterns of Islamic geometry. With the arrival of Columbus (1492), the Spanish Empire expanded territories with the zeal of trade and the spread of Catholicism. Mudejar appeared in New Spain, bridging the separated shores of the Atlantic. In their collective memory, Spanish nations admired this Islamic form, sensed it as theirs, and enganged with it. Andalusian Mudejar examples culminated in the ornamentation of Mezquita, Alhambra, and Alcazar.