IMC 2018: Sessions

Session 702: Memory and Identity in Medieval Monasteries

Tuesday 3 July 2018, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Steven Vanderputten, Vakgroep Geschiedenis, Universiteit Gent
Paper 702-aManipulation des Gedächtnisses bei den ersten Zisterzienser?
(Language: Deutsch)
Iva Adamkova, Institute of Greek & Latin Studies, Univerzita Karlova, Praha
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Language and Literature - Latin, Religious Life
Paper 702-bRemembering Benefactors in the Cartulary of the Carthusian Charterhouse of Beauvale
(Language: English)
Kaan Vural Gorman, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
Index terms: Charters and Diplomatics, Monasticism, Religious Life
Paper 702-cThe Memory of the Monks: Disentangling the Life of the Medieval Documents from San Clodio Do Ribeiro
(Language: English)
Aránzazu Fernández Quintas, Facultade de Historia, Universidade de Vigo, Ourense
Index terms: Administration, Local History, Manuscripts and Palaeography
Abstract

Paper -a:
Ähnlich wie man an verschiedenen Orten die ursprünglichen Ideale der Benediktsregel wieder zur Geltung gebracht hat, steht auch die Geburt von Cîteaux als ein Ergebnis von Bemühungen um die Erneuerung der ursprünglichen benediktinischen Vorschriften, die die Zisterzienser vor allem am Einfang ihrer Existenz als normativ betrachteten. Zisterziensischer Konstrukt der eigenen Geschichte, die die Zisterzienser von der benediktinischen Vergangenheit abgeleitet haben, stellt zugleich einen von vielen Punken dar, den man als Reibefläche zwischen zisterziensischen und cluniazensischen Mönchtum betrachten kann. Der Beitrag wollte zeigen inwieweit diese Bemühungen um Erweckung des Gedächtnisses an die ersten monastischen Bewegungen seitens Zisterzienser manipulativ waren mit dem Ziel eigene Geschichte zu konstruieren und vor allem die Kontinuität mit den benediktinischen Ursprüngen zu untermauern.

Paper -b:
This paper examines how the Carthusian monks of Beauvale commemorated the original lay founder of their charterhouse, Nicholas de Cantilupo, and subsequent benefactors of their community in the house’s cartulary compiled in the late 15th century. By analysing the diplomatic texts presented alongside the overall structure and internal decoration of the cartulary it explores how the cartulary reveals the attitude of the monks towards their founder and lay society more broadly. Furthermore, it considers the impact that such interactions with the outside world may have had for how the monks perceived their own purpose and identity.

Paper -c:
Between the years 1836-1837 a confiscation of ecclesiastical properties was carried out by the government of Mendizábal. Its purpose was to put in circulation all the assets that these entities (churches and monasteries) had been accumulating along centuries through both royal and private donations. In this process, the properties were auctioned to the highest bidder, both land and buildings as well as other goods, including books, scrolls, and other documentation that each institution preserved as living memory of their rights and properties. We do not know very well why, but the Archives of Ourense Cathedral (AOC) have preserved, after the different processes of disentailment, an important amount of documentation, from its own diocese and from the monasteries in its territory. This allows us to better research the medieval period. The volume of deeds, files, and notaries belonging to the bottom of the cathedral competes with the important monastic fund composed of some 6,424 parchments (between the 10th and 16th centuries) from the monasteries located in the province. One of them is San Clodio do Ribeiro, whose documentation (relative to the years 1325-1485) I am working on, disentangling the memory of the monks in the 21st century.