Session 730: Memory as a Tool in Medieval Art: Creation, Depiction, and Heritage
Tuesday 3 July 2018, 14.15-15.45
|Sponsor:||Institute of History of Art & Culture, Pontifical University of John Paul II, Kraków|
|Organiser:||Dariusz Tabor, Institute of History of Art & Culture, Pontifical University of John Paul II, Kraków|
|Moderator/Chair:||Arnold Otto, Erzbischöfliches Generalvikariat Erzbistumsarchiv, Paderborn|
|Paper 730-a||Memory of Scripture and Church Fathers in the Iconophile Polemics: The Case of Chresis|
Index terms: Art History - General, Biblical Studies, Byzantine Studies, Rhetoric
|Paper 730-b||The Flowers of Memory: (Re)Collecting the Church Fathers' Thought in Medieval Florilegia|
Index terms: Art History - General, Byzantine Studies, Ecclesiastical History, Theology
|Paper 730-c||The Memorial of St Hedvig (and Duke Henry): Sainthood from Heroic Death or Sainthood from Virtuous Life - Reinterpreting Miniatures from Hedvig Codex (Malibu, CA, J. P. Getty Museum 83. MN. 126)|
Index terms: Art History - Painting, Hagiography, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Rhetoric
|Paper 730-d||Against Tragic Memory: Allegory and Historiosophy in 19th-Century Polish Historical Painting - The Example of Jan Matejko's Defeat at Legnica - Revival|
Index terms: Medievalism and Antiquarianism
Piotr Grotowski focuses on the problem of the biblical and taken from Church Fathers’ quotations used as an argument in the debate on the images and their function in the Orthodox Church. Such paradigmatic sayings from scripture or from other authoritative writers – in the theory of rhetoric called chresis – were used not only to strengthen position of the disputants, but also influenced the final solutions concerning icons as objects of veneration. Two examples of such frequent quotations (from Ex. 25: 17–22 and from Basil of Caesarea, On the Holy Spirit, XVIII, 45) are analyzed in the paper.
Justyna Słowik analyzes excerpts from the polemical writings which were employed by both parties to discredit the opponents’ arguments during the Council of Hieria, summoned to support the iconoclast position in the Byzantine iconoclasm controversy. Florilegia – systematic but interpreted in an unconstrained and individual fashion, collections of quotations from the works of the Fathers and other ecclesiastical writers, compiled with a view to serve dogmatic or ethical purposes – were first used during the Council of Ephesus in 431, but obtained a fully developed and definite form in the 7th century, subsequently contributing to the ultimate condemnation of the cult of images.