The memory of the Vandal period and that of the Three Chapters controversy are strongly linked in the chronicle of Victor of Tunnuna (565/575). The chronicler uses various references to give the impression that the defenders of the Three Chapters in North Africa are the legitimate successors of the martyrs and confessors of the Vandal period. Being a defender of the Three Chapters himself, he thus appropriates a specific North African memory to construct the memory of his own time and of his own group as that of new martyrs and confessors. This paper will examine how the link between these two memories is created and which purpose it serves regarding the function of the chronicle itself.
Historia Calamitatum, a letter by Peter Abelard (1079-1142), certainly is among the most famous documents of the 12th century. Written in 1132, in an autobiographical manner, Abelard reports about his education, his trajectory as a school master, and his various torments, among these a heresy conviction in Soissons in 1121. In this paper, I aim to discuss how and why Abelard built a memory of himself in this letter. My hypothesis is that this was an attempt to refute any claim that he was a heretic and, consequently, to retake his place as a celebrated Parisian school master.