The present study examines the construction of the myth of a rebellious subject, through the Parliamentary speeches pronounced by Peter IV, king of Aragona, against Marianus IV, judge of Arborea. The Aragonese king uses political oratory and his remarkable culture in order to condemn the ungrateful and disloyal vassal to perpetual memory. This happened during the second half of the 14th century, when the regnum Sardiniae was the scenario of uprisings and conflicts which had serious political, military, and economic consequences for the Crown of Aragon. The identity of the ‘Sardo nation’, indeed, was firmly defended by the judges of Arborea, but especially by Marianus IV, who was the emblem of the anti-Catalan resistance.
Andy Wood has drawn our attention to several aspects of popular relationships to the past and how some kind of ‘usable past’ could be generated through popular memory, and thereby acquire political meanings. In this sense, I would like to explore in this paper one aspect which is quite noticeable in my research, i.e. how political uses of memory influenced common topics of public and popular opinion in late medieval England. In order to do so, I intend to demonstrate and analyse how events surrounding rebellions between 1450 and 1509 were informed by common appropriations of social memory.
In what ways was memory part of the political culture in late medieval Sweden? In spite of the considerable scholarly attention that the topic of memory has received in recent decades, there are still quite few studies that examine the role of memory in the power struggles of late medieval Sweden. This paper discusses a particular event in late medieval Swedish history, the Battle of Brunkeberg (1471), as an example of a memorialization process. The battle became the subject of verbal and material forms of memory as well as of ritual acts of commemoration, and these various expressions testify to the significance of memory as a mobilizing and motive force.
This participation has as main objective the debate about the construction and the reconstruction of Portugal’s history, made by the Avis dinasty, on their first decades as a royal house. With that intent they made several transformations on the ancient text of the 1344 General Chronicle of Spain – the most important chronicle done in Portugal until then. This literary campaign has taken place at the royal court in order to indoctrinate the nobility on their legitimacy and affirmation as a reigning house. The mnemonic procedure also involves the manuscript magnificent illumination and we will see how they did that as well.