IMC 2019: Sessions

Session 1608: Hope and Uncertainty in Medieval Europe and the Near East, II: Cross-Cultural Approaches to Hope in Architecture

Thursday 4 July 2019, 11.15-12.45

Sponsor:Sonderforschungsbereich 'Visions of Community' (Austrian Science Fund, FWF F42)
Organisers:Rutger Kramer, Institut für Mittelalterforschung, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien
Daniel Mahoney, Institut für Geschichte, Universität Wien
Moderator/Chair:Jo Van Steenbergen, Henri Pirenne Institute for Medieval Studies / Department of Languages & Cultures: The Near East & the Islamic World, Universiteit Gent
Paper 1608-aUnited under the 'Dome of Heaven': Aspirational Architecture and Civil Strife in Early Islam
(Language: English)
Heba Mostafa, Department of Art /Graduate Department of Art History, University of Toronto, St. George
Heba Mostafa, Department of Art /Graduate Department of Art History, University of Toronto, St. George
Index terms: Architecture - General, Islamic and Arabic Studies, Mentalities, Political Thought
Paper 1608-bThe Beginning of Wisdom: Terror, Hope, and the Majesty of God
(Language: English)
Han Tame, Centre for Medieval & Early Modern Studies (MEMS), University of Kent
Han Tame, Centre for Medieval & Early Modern Studies (MEMS), University of Kent
Index terms: Architecture - Religious, Art History - Sculpture, Mentalities, Theology
Abstract

This session shows how public art and architecture function as expressions of hopefulness in Islamic and Christian contexts. Mostafa explores the Islamic ‘heavenly dome’ as a dramatic cultural expression of early Muslims; communal gatherings under such domes solidified multiple Arabo-Islamic identities and countered conflict by healing political divides. Tame’s paper examines how the sculptural programmes of early Gothic church portals prepared viewers for entry into the church; the fear and hope they generated were also a first step towards salvation.