Session 1618: Everyday Animal Materialities
Thursday 4 July 2019, 11.15-12.45
|Sponsor:||Zentrum für Gastrosophie, Fachbereich Geschichte, Universität Salzburg|
|Organiser:||Gerhard Ammerer, Zentrum für Gastrosophie, Universität Salzburg|
|Moderator/Chair:||Sonja Führer, Bibliothek, Erzabtei St. Peter, Salzburg|
|Paper 1618-a||Edible Materials: Meat in Medieval Salzburg|
Index terms: Daily Life, Economics - Urban
|Paper 1618-b||Modern Times?: Ingredients in the Change between the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period|
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Language and Literature - German, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Social History
|Paper 1618-c||Dressed in Animal Skin+: Fur in German Literature of the High Middle Ages|
Index terms: Archaeology - Artefacts, Daily Life, Language and Literature - German
As food is a central part of daily life, various different aspects of nutrition and consumption have been extensively researched. Examining late medieval sources from the prince-archbishopric of Salzburg and southern Germany, in this session the material culture of food will be presented. The ‘Stadt-und Polizeiordung’ of Salzburg, published in 1524, mentions various goods and regulates the selling of them. The first paper explores the question where the medieval city (with a special focus on gastronomy) got its meat. There are regulations on sale and slaughter as well as import of goods, but also hunting and fishing restrictions, which laid down rules for landlords, butchers, and consumers.
The second paper considers approaches and first results of a long durée analysis on German cookbooks of the 16th century. Based on 10 cookbooks from the late 15th and 16th centuries, which cover a period of about a century, the presentation will outline which and how many animal foods, i.e. meat, eggs, and dairy products, are used and whether changes can be observed during this period.
However, the animal does not only provide food, it is even used as a whole and so leather and fur can be obtained from it. In the German literature of the Central Middle Ages fur and pelt is not lacking. Members of the court society are dressed in coats with ermine and sable facings, in outer garment and caps lined with fur and even covered with blankets made out of animal skin. In the third paper, the speaker contrasts the wealth in literature with the medieval lifeworld and shows some literary examples in which pelt and fur are more than just a demonstration of luxury. To focus upon animal skin, she aims for presenting a form of reading material culture in medieval German literature.