In 1448, Christian I from the house of Oldenburg became Danish king and two years later also King of Norway. The Oldenburgs were one of the most influential dynasties in Europe since the Middle Ages, and they developed a certain dynastic identity. In this paper, I am analysing the rule of the first Oldenburg kings regarding their political decision-making, and in particular, question the influences from different counsellors. I argue that it was early on established as dynastic practice to use non-elites as counterbalance to the Danish aristocracy. This practice was continued until the end of the main Oldenburg branch in the 19th century, and was therefore an established practice of the Oldenburgs in their decision-making.
At the end of the 14th century, Portugal endured a dynastic crisis and a war with Castille. With the rise of John I to the throne, a drastic change occurred in the Portuguese court. The majority of the noblemen had sided with Castille during the war and as a consequence, all the noble titles disappeared. The lands that belonged to the Portuguese noble families were divided between the king and his constable. This paper focuses on how the king and the constable used the materiality of Portugal itself as an instrument for the legitimation of a new dynasty.
My paper will examine the relationship between form, text, and imagery within Bodley Rolls 5, created for the Percy family in the mid-15th century. The Percy family placed itself in opposition to the crown for much of the 15th century, and I hope to demonstrate that, rather than being a simple pro-royal propaganda piece, this roll instead places the Percies as an alternative to the Yorkist kings. I will argue that this roll, ostensibly made to celebrate the English monarchy, optimizes its visual potential as propaganda for the Percies through its use of spatial architecture; decorative text; and iconography which complements and complicates the genealogical narrative.