Studies on animal consumption (products/by-products) are central to tackle issues of taste and culinary practices in a given context, but also topics as diverse as economics, social differences, and agro-pastoral practices. We propose to broach these different points to discuss the existence of a possible Provencal consumption model in the Middle Ages, based on the comparison of archival and zooarchaeological data. In this perspective, the acquisition and management of animal resources will be addressed through the study of animal sizes, herd composition, and mobility. Then, we will base on the raw material (product/by-product) to consider the types of production, trade, consumption, and management of culinary waste. The objective is to identify similarities and particularities that will be the driving force behind a reflection on the social identity of consumers.
The wheel-plough is regarded as a principal agrarian innovation. Certainly modern research has identified a long and complex history; nevertheless a major change occurred in the centuries around the 11th century, with larger shares, etc. In a project Janken Myrdal and Alexandra Sapoznik combine an investigation of details in English manorial accounts, archaeological finds, experiments and images. One of the goals is to show the enormous iron-consumption caused by the ploughs with larger shares in the High Middle Ages. Another goal is to show that this enormous machine was vulnerable, and perhaps its efficiency has been overestimated.