This paper reconstructs the forgotten biography of Edward of Angolême (1365-1372), first-born son of Edward, the Black Prince of Wales (1330-1376) and older brother of King Richard II (1367-1400). Modern scholarship remains largely silent about boy Edward, but the few chronicle and literary references we have of his life and death detail a strange narrative of willful, systematic forgetting that serves to erase all but the most tertiary memories of his being born at all to even his closest of relatives like Edward III, who is only informed of his namesake’s birth eleven months after the fact.
The evolution of royal power in Western Europe in the 15th century was accompanied by the delimitation of the royal family. More than the awareness of kinship reflected in the documentation, it is also visible in the granting of privileges and jurisdictions. For this reason, it involves the creation of a group of power, superior to other noblemen. I intend to discuss how these grantings to the king’s kinship contributed to the hierarchization of the nobility and the ambiguous result of this process to the royal power (reinforcement of its power while creating potential competitors) from a case study – Portugal.
As a result of the Shakespearean play and the Tudor historiography, the reputation of Richard III as a child killer has always been linked to the murder of the ‘Princes in the Tower’. It is precisely for this abhorrent crime the undisputable quality of ‘monster’ was conferred on him. This paper aims at analysing the adaptation and reinterpretation of this ‘murder’ in a selection of British contemporary historical novels which instead point to Richard as the ‘saviour’ of his nephews, a viewpoint in line with the attempt to demystify his historical figure after the discovery of his remains in 2012.
Throughout the centuries the image we’ve built about King Richard III has been based on a series of accounts by his contemporaries and solidified most particularly, by Shakespeare’s tragedy. But how it all came to be? After the discovery of Richard’s body new questions about his life arose from the academic community and it sparkled my curiosity in understanding the process of creation, transference, alteration, and solidification of the memory we possess of him and how the political and social atmosphere in which Richard had lived influenced the works written about him.