IMC 2020: Sessions

Session 1234: Visualising the World in Islam and Christendom

Wednesday 8 July 2020, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Fozia Bora, School of Languages, Cultures & Societies - Arabic, Islamic & Middle Eastern Studies, University of Leeds
Paper 1234-aRigid and Permeable Borders: The Abode of Islam and the Abode of War
(Language: English)
Yaacov Lev, Department of Middle Eastern History, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan
Index terms: Islamic and Arabic Studies, Law, Politics and Diplomacy
Paper 1234-bThe Image of Geographical Boundaries in Arabic Manuscripts: Kharīdat al ‘ja’ ib (856/1446) of Ibn al-Wardī as a Model
(Language: English)
Shaimaa Elsherbiny, Alzawia Alhamra Library, Cairo University
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Islamic and Arabic Studies, Manuscripts and Palaeography
Paper 1234-cThe Shebanization and the Birth of the Ethiopian Nation, 14th-16th Centuries
(Language: English)
Deresse Ayenachew Woldetsadik, Institut de Recherches et d'Études sur les Mondes Arabes et Musulman (IREMAM - UMR 7310) Aix-Marseille Université / Department of History & Heritage Management Debre Berhan University Ethiopia
Index terms: Local History, Political Thought
Abstract

Paper -a:
The paper examines to what degree the concept of the abode of Islam and the abode of war represented the Islamic vision of the world. Few examples pertaining to Egypt’s medieval history (10th to 15th centuries) will be discussed.

Paper -b:
Medieval borders occupied scientists minds for several decades. The Arabic geographers of the Middle Ages cared about that topic greatly. As for our unique book of this study, it is based on a map of the earth drawn by the author. The book is an explanation of that map including the names of countries sorted by drawn regions then seas and islands, wells and rivers, mountains and rocks, plants and animals. The research is based on two copies of Kharīdat al ‘ja’ ib manuscript; the first is library of congress copy and the second is kind Suod university copy. My study is based on a book was written on 8th Century A.H. As it was an early time, there were some differences of the description between regions. Some of each described in details and some were described shortly.

Paper -c:
The concept of Shebanization is a unitary ideological instrument served for the expansion and integration of the northern Christian chiefdoms of Ethiopia since the beginning of 14th century. It is based on the legendary visit of the queen of Sheba that gave birth to the notion of the Promised Land model of Israel.The ethnically fragmented Christian chiefdoms of Ethiopia realised the encroachment of Islam but they could not create a unity. After the military success under King Yekuno Amlak (1270-1285), he and his successors carfted an ideology of Shebanization that created alliances to establish a powerful Christian state in Ethiopia (Horn).