Based primarily on the records of Chester’s Pentice and Portmote courts and the ‘Mayor’s Book’, this paper will look at the role of the town courts in Chester in enforcing the assize of ale as well as regulating the related trades of brewing and ale-selling. It will examine how the brewers and ale-sellers of the city went about their trades and ensured they kept on the right side of the law; or not.
Effective management of medieval manors necessitated a nuanced system of delegated administration. This took the form of a hierarchy of officials, most of whom were elected from the unfree tenantry, whose responsibilities involved managing matters relevant to the lord’s economic interests. The duties also entailed the supervision and exertion of authority over the lord’s other tenantry, many of whom would have been known to these officials. Using manorial court rolls, this paper will explore the interactions between manorial officials and the peasantry in England in the 14th century. This analysis aids in understanding how boundaries that existed between peasant officials and their community were negotiated, how these relationships changed across time, and whether they were impacted by large socioeconomic events such as the Black Death.
The communication is devoted to explaining and clarifying the concept of royal authority in space of Parliamentary acts. Parliamentary legislation of the 15th century tries to cover various spheres and aspects of social life. Reflection on the conflicts between the monarch and power elites has not become an exception in this respect. The content of parliamentary decisions, in no doubt, depended on the political context, but the language which was used was based on the existing legal tradition. Thus, a research of work results of Scottish assembly of estates allow to trace the use and refraction of existing norms towards the political context.