The crimes diaries and economic accounts of the medieval justice in Valencia are a rich part of documents conservate to our days. Through this documents, we can study the male and female’s urban social life and criminal acts in the capital of the kingdom of Valencia, also their protagonists, names, surnames, officies, where they from and the crimes that they have done. Furthermore, studying this crimes we can appreciate the different types of violence, and, by the analysing of them, we can observe the different blood crimes that there can doomed with an only economic punish or accompanied with a major punishment.
The human propensity to gamble is of all times. Investing a small amount of money with the potential return of a large sum was and still is for many people an attractive and short route to wealth. During the Late Middle Ages urban lotteries were a very popular phenomenon in Europe. The game of chance originated in Italy in the 14th Century and reached the urban centres in Northern Europe via merchant networks at the end of the 15th Century. The organisation of these large public events often went beyond city borders, as the city lottery of ‘s-Hertogenbosch in 1521-1522 at which sixty cities in Brabant, Flanders, Holland and Zeeland participated. My research focusses on Dutch city accounts and lottery registers in the 16th Century as textual witnesses of the large-scale organisation of medieval lotteries, its participants and the gambling urban culture.
Research on European state-building has emphasized the centralisation and expansion of fiscal and military organisations as key factors for the pre-modern state. Max Weber has described this process as a formalization of power, and that modern governing are done by impersonal bureaucrats. According to sociologist Michael Mann medieval governing was done in two separate spheres, one formal, codified in law, and one informal, or private sphere, and that the legitimacy of regents depended on personal bonds with local elites. This paper presents a case study, reconstructing political networks connected to the regent, and the spatiality and relation between local communities in 15th century Sweden.