Ruxley hundred was a dispersed rural community, located in the county of Kent but only some twelve miles from London Bridge. Its position effectively made it part of London’s ‘hinterland’. So how did local people regard the developing metropolis of London? Did they see opportunities there for trade or employment? Did Londoners move out of the city into the Ruxley countryside? Or – during a time of political turmoil – were other influences more important in shaping the lives of ordinary people in Ruxley? This paper explores these questions, using documentary and archaeological evidence to help find answers.
The Bay of Kotor, and in particular the peninsula/mount of Vrmac to its east, has seen the formation of a considerable portion of its cultural landscape and rural built environment through several phenomena now witnessed by a variety of settlement typologies, the most notable being those of dispersed and compact sets of building agglomerations. Nevertheless, the villages on the hillsides of Vrmac Mount are suggested to have come about through a process of economic colonisation and the establishment of churches by wealthy individuals from the nearby towns of Kotor and Perast, with the bulk of medieval serfs presumably settling in the vicinity of or at the estates of feudatories engaging in the trade of olives, wine, and crops. The paper is set to investigate the process of establishing rural estates on the mount of Vrmac in the late Middle Ages on behalf of wealthy individuals resident in the urban centres of the Bay of Kotor, as well as how the existing ecclesiastical buildings, as well as settlements themselves, can help trace the pattern of the the establishment of the limits of rural spaces in medieval Bay of Kotor. In addition, a link will be sought between the medieval urban populace on one hand, and the rural built and natural elements founded by them on the other, with the aim of reconstructing the limits of urban and rural domains in the region and the period in question.
What kind of boundaries can define the territorium of the city? Does the city dominate a space on its own? Is there a visible gap between urban and rural areas? But how many spaces does the city belong to? All of those questions are usual among the scholars who move throughout the communal world and the regional states of the Central and Northern Italy. On the contrary, the city and his spaces represent a relatively recent gaining for the studies concerning the largely unknown urban world of the Kingdom of Naples in the Middle Ages and Early Modern age. Focusing on these topics, my speech attempts to establish a deceptively difficult dialogue between two historiographies so near, and so far.