IMC 2020: Sessions

Session 1627: Frontiers, Borders, and Jewish Communities

Thursday 9 July 2020, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Esperanza Alfonso Carro, Instituto de Lenguas y Culturas del Mediterráneo y Oriente Próximo, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Madrid
Paper 1627-aMesianismo judío en los comienzos de la iconoclastia, c. 720-725
(Language: Español)
Carlos Martínez Carrasco, Centro de Estudios Bizantinos Neogriegos y Chipriotas Universidad de Granada
Index terms: Byzantine Studies, Hebrew and Jewish Studies, Historiography - Medieval
Paper 1627-bDoes Calendar Divergence Cause a Social Rift?
(Language: English)
Nadia Vidro, Department of Hebrew & Jewish Studies University College London
Index terms: Daily Life, Hebrew and Jewish Studies, Religious Life, Social History
Abstract

Paper -a:
La querella de las imágenes agitó todo el Oriente cristiano, independientemente de si se trataba de territorios controlados por Constantinopla o Damasco. No obstante, han quedado fuera del objetivo de los investigadores las comunidades judías orientales que se vieron igualmente afectadas por las decisiones político-religiosas tomadas a uno y otro lado de la frontera. Tomando como punto de partida la Crónica de Teófanes el Confesor, mostraré cómo las esperanzas escatológicas judías renacieron en estos años y que motivaron la adopción de medidas como el bautismo forzoso, en un momento de agitaciones como consecuencia del prolongado estado de guerra civil.

Paper -b:
This paper looks at the impact of calendar differences on medieval Jewish social cohesion and daily life. Calendars occupied a central position in medieval society as an organizing principle of social and economic life and a focus for communal and religious identities. Two incompatible calendars were used by medieval Jews (Rabbanites and Karaites). Scholars have often assumed that the use of different calendars would have broken up society and led to a social and religious schism. In my talk, I will consider the implications of medieval Jews running their lives with different time frames and calendars and argue that calendar difference did not entail social segregation.

Paper -c:
Medieval Sephardim lived on the Iberian Peninsula during fluctuating periods of tolerance and persecution. This essay will examine the ways in which their unique culture developed and adapted to the shifting political and religious borders around them, as well as how their roles within Iberian society and those ever-changing boundaries evolved. It will then narrow its focus to discuss the Reconquista and the ways in which the relationship between the Spanish monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church ultimately led to the extreme persecution of the Jews under the Inquisition and to their eventual expulsion by the Spanish Crown.