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IMC 2020: Sessions

Session 550: 14th-Century England, I: Favourites, Authority, and Social Mobility in Late Medieval York and the North

Tuesday 7 July 2020, 09.00-10.30

Sponsor:Society for 14th-Century Studies
Organiser:Gwilym Dodd, Department of History, University of Nottingham
Moderator/Chair:David Green, Centre for British Studies, Harlaxton College, University of Evansville
Paper 550-a'Vos Maisons sount pris al oeps le count': Walter Bedwyn, Treasurer of York, and the Return of Piers Gaveston
(Language: English)
Jonathan Mackman, Department of History, University of York
Index terms: Administration, Archives and Sources, Ecclesiastical History, Politics and Diplomacy
Paper 550-bAuthority in Levying: Financial Administration and Financial Records of York, 1272-1371
(Language: English)
Jinming Yi, Department of History, University of York
Index terms: Administration, Economics - Urban, Local History
Paper 550-cA Tale of Northern Gentle Folk: The Strother Family and Social Mobility and Stagnation in Late Medieval Northumberland
(Language: English)
Andy King, Department of History, University of Southampton
Index terms: Local History, Politics and Diplomacy, Social History

In examining the events of the fall of Piers Gaveston, favourite of Edward II, generations of historians have made use of a letter, surviving amongst the Ancient Correspondence (SC 1) at TNA which recounts Gaveston's arrival in York from exile early in 1312. This first paper sheds new light on the story, identifying for the first time the true recipient, thus offering a new interpretation of the letter's origins and importance. The second paper considers the civic records relating to the finance of the city of York, as set out within a miscellaneous civic codex (York, York City Archives, Y/COU/3/1). The paper firstly examines civic documents and other records, mainly taken from the royal archives, to describe the fiscal responsibilities of the city, before setting the records of the York codex within the context of civic fiscal administration and other civic financial records. The third paper uses the Strother family as a case-study of social mobility in Northumberland. They were strikingly prominent in the administration and political society of the county in the mid-14th century. Conversely, however, they also provide an example of, if not quite downward social mobility, then social stagnation. This paper examines the social and political mechanisms behind their rapid rise, and their subsequent stagnation.