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IMC 2020: Sessions

Session 640: Between Paganism and Christianity at the Eastern Border of Christendom, 8th-15th Centuries, II

Tuesday 7 July 2020, 11.15-12.45

Organisers:Tudor Sălăgean, Transylvanian Museum of Ethnography, Cluj-Napoca
Maria Emilia Ţiplic, Institutul de Cercetari Socio-Umane, Sibiu / Departamentul de Istorie, Patrimoniu și Teologie Protestantă, Universitatea 'Lucian Blaga', Sibiu
Moderator/Chair:Mark Whelan, Department of History, Royal Holloway, University of London
Paper 640-aBorder or Highway?: The Transylvanian Banks of the Olt River
(Language: English)
Vlad Zirra, Institutul de Arheologie 'Vasile Pârvan' Romanian Academy Bucharest
Index terms: Archaeology - General, Archaeology - Sites, Geography and Settlement Studies, Military History
Paper 640-bMaking of Transylvania: Borders, Woods, and People in the Cradle of the Carpathians between the 10th and 12th Centuries
(Language: English)
Tudor Sălăgean, Transylvanian Museum of Ethnography, Cluj-Napoca
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Geography and Settlement Studies, Local History, Politics and Diplomacy
Paper 640-cThe Bishopric of Transylvania and the Provostship of Sibiu: Claims and Conflicts in 13th-Century Transylvania
(Language: English)
Alexandru Florin Cioltei, Departamentul de Istorie Patrimoniu şi Teologie Protestant Universitatea 'Lucian Blaga' Sibiu
Index terms: Architecture - Religious, Ecclesiastical History, Geography and Settlement Studies, Local History

Isolated, scarcely inhabited and hardly accessible, Transylvania is, in the 10th century, a territory fragmented between different territorial structures, over which gradually extends the Hungarian authority, beyond the narrow area in the western part of the region, created for the exploitation of salt mines. The years 1111-1113 bring about the mentions of a princeps Ultrasilvanus, as well as of an episcopus Ultrasilvanus, without decisive changes in the specificity of the province. Indeed, Transylvania remains, until the 13th century, the only episcopal diocese in the Hungarian Kingdom bearing the name of the country itself, and not of the place where the episcopal residence was located. The reorganization efforts were supplemented by the establishment of the Szeklers in the center of the province. Topics to be covered include (but are not limited to): the physical transformation of the landscapes by ecclesiastical institutions (new crops, marshland drainage, bridges, the setting up of new economic activities like mining, salt production), strategies of Christianisation.