In this paper we will try to investigate traces of early Merovingian ‘state’ formation. For most modern scholars it is impossible to be find any kind of ‘state’ in any early medieval kingdom in the sense of the modern use of the term state. On the other hand, there are scholars who are seeking to find a form of statehood or ‘Staatlichkeit’ in the early medieval kingdoms of Western Europe. In this paper we aim to highlight aspects of statehood, as regards to the early Merovingian kingdoms, through concrete examples provided to us by the sources of the Merovingian period.
Recent studies on archaeological findings and faunal remains from modern Austria shed new light on the transition from the Roman period to Late Antiquity. The end of the Western Roman Empire and the geopolitical changes brought about by the Barbarian Migration led to various and long-lasting changes which, however, had different regional effects. The present study investigates the influence of Roman legacy on the new socio-economic structures, after the collapse of the Roman world. In this framework, factors including the function of a site, geographical position, and local environmental setting play a key role, in order to understand the complex interaction of tradition and innovation.
The paper explores the effect of rapid loss of territory of the Byzantine Empire in the beginning of the 7th century on imperial ideology and perception of the state’s territory. Studying a homily on 626 siege by Theodoros Synkellos shows that to deal with the loss and with traumatic experience of the siege, the old imperial ideology was replaced with a new one that that combined elements from Biblical anti-imperial narratives of the sieges of Jerusalem and frontier sensibilities of the accounts on nomadic raids on desert Christian monasteries. A similar trend can be seen in other texts, such as Chronicon Paschale and the poems of George of Pisidia.