IMC 2020: Sessions

Session 814: The Middle Ages in the New World

Tuesday 7 July 2020, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Nadia Altschul, School of Modern Languages & Cultures (Hispanic Studies), University of Glasgow
Paper 814-aFrom Medieval Vision to Colonial Reality: Medieval Friars and the Christianisation of the New World - The Case of Tierra Firme and the New Kingdom of Granada, 1525
(Language: Español)
Luis Manuel Pérez-Zambrano, Departament d'Història Universitat de Lleida
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Mentalities, Religious Life, Social History
Paper 814-bSearching for the Middle Ages in a Caribbean Island: The Digital Humanities Project of the Centro de Estudios Medievales y Renacentistas (CEMyR)
(Language: English)
Jennifer Solivan, Centro de Estudios Medievales y Renacentistas (CEMyR) Universidad de Puerto Rico
Index terms: Architecture - Religious, Archives and Sources, Art History - General, Medievalism and Antiquarianism
Paper 814-cSan Juan Bautista of Puerto Rico: The Medieval Institutions of an Early Modern Caribbean City
(Language: English)
Juan Carlos García-Cacho, Centro de Estudios Medievales y Renacentistas (CEMyR) Universidad de Puerto Rico
Index terms: Administration, Geography and Settlement Studies, Historiography - Medieval, Local History
Paper 814-dO Trópico Medieval: ensaio sobre a presença do medievo no caráter pernambucano
(Language: Português)
Mariana Trajano, Centro de Ciências Sociais Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (UNICAP)
Index terms: Language and Literature - Spanish or Portuguese, Local History, Mentalities, Social History
Abstract

Paper -a:
The friars who arrived in Tierra Firme, subsequently New Kingdom of Granada, in the first years of the 16th century faced a new reality that was interpreted from their medieval perceptions and ideals. This lecture is intended to expose the continuity between the late medieval elements and the new colonial world in the conversion process to the Christian models in this territory, Mendicant Orders, first jurisdictions, and authorities. The analysis is centered on the difficulties, limitations, and confrontations faced by regulars and seculars, and how through the imposition of one of them, this medieval connection was ended.

Los frailes que llegaron a la Tierra Firme y posterior Nuevo Reino de Granada en los primeros años del siglo XVI se vieron inmersos en una nueva realidad que fue interpretada desde sus percepciones e ideales medievales. La presente ponencia busca exponer la continuidad entre esos elementos tardomedievales y el nuevo mundo colonial en el proceso de implantación de los referentes cristianos en este territorio, órdenes mendicantes, primeras jurisdicciones y autoridades. Centrando el análisis en las dificultades, limitaciones y enfrentamientos en las que se vieron inmersos regulares y seculares, y como al imponerse uno de ellos se da por terminada esta conexión medieval.

Paper -b:
The purpose of this paper is to share with other researches the different medieval resources available in Puerto Rico. The oldest parts of the San Juan’s Cathedral and the church of the Dominican’s convent were built in a late Gothic style. Aside from this, until the 20th century different resources from the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern period have arrived at this Caribbean island. As part of the ‘Medium Aevum Portoricensis’ research project, the members of the CEMyR have been identifying different Late Medieval resources available in Puerto Rico, such as: documents, manuscripts, works of art, everyday objects and buildings.

Paper -c:
The purpose of this paper is to analyse deeply the Spanish medieval institutions introduced when San Juan Bautista of Puerto Rico was founded in 1521. There is no doubt that San Juan is not, by any means, a medieval city, but based on Jacques Le Goff’s thesis that the Middle Ages continues up until the 18th century, we will evaluate, as part of the ‘Medium Aevum Portoricensis’ project of the CEMyR, if it applies to San Juan while studying its institutions, such as the church, the encomiendas and repartimientos, its urban history, fortifications, and cemeteries.

Paper -d:
O trabalho tratará da sobrevivência de supostos traços ibérico-medievais no Nordeste Brasileiro, e que teriam sido fundamentais na formação do imaginário e da atual dinâmica da cultura local – especialmente no estado de Pernambuco, importante região para o estabelecimento colonial português no século 16. Essa presença medieval – que sobreviveu mais claramente nas artes, no folclore e em alguns movimentos histórico-políticos – teria sobrevivido em atuais hábitos e costumes que mediam relações sociais cotidianas. Além de apontar essas possíveis reminiscências na cultura pernambucana, o presente ensaio refletirá sobre a aparente influência desses traços em clássicas concepções do ‘caráter nacional’ construídas pela intelligentsia brasileira.