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IMC 2023: Sessions

Session 1047: Predestination, Conscience, and the Soul in Late Scholastic and Renaissance Thought

Wednesday 5 July 2023, 09.00-10.30

Moderator/Chair:Volker Leppin, Institut für Spätmittelalter und Reformation, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen
Paper 1047-aConscience, Obedience, and the Making of Late Medieval Subjects in Pastoral Care
(Language: English)
Biörn Tjällén, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet, Sundsvall
Index terms: Lay Piety, Political Thought, Theology
Paper 1047-bThe Body as Microcosm in a Macrocosm in Pietro Pomponazzi's Work
(Language: English)
Sarah Seinitzer, Institut für Geschichte Universität Graz
Index terms: Medicine, Science

Paper -a:
Late medieval polities placed new demands on their subjects, with increased taxation or personal contribution to war, royal jurisdiction, and growing cadres of officials stressing political obligation. Simultaneously, the church intensified pastoral care, demanding that individuals followed their conscience, guided by a moral theology that covered an increasing range of topics (including political, economic, and social) to shun sin. Focussing on works of Antoninus (d. 1459) and John Capistrano (d. 1456), this paper asks how matters of political obligation were treated in the 'forum of conscience' and how this shaped the subjects of the modern state.

Paper -b:
The connection between the human body and the soul represents a significant debate at the end of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th century. The body, along with the soul, is an essential subject in Pietro Pomponazzi's work. It has often been treated only concerning the soul, but the human body as the house of the soul has been disregarded. The study of Pomponazzi's body concept opens the view of the body as a microcosm in the macrocosm. With the help of intertextual analysis, the passages quoted from ancient authorities such as Galen and Aristotle are contrasted with Pomponazzi's text. This paper aims to show and analyse his image of the body and his sources.