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IMC 2023: Sessions

Session 806: Northern Networks: Religious Entanglements within and beyond Medieval Scandinavia

Tuesday 4 July 2023, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Erik Opsahl, Institutt for historiske studier, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim
Paper 806-aThe Ring of Telensibus: A History of the Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Province of Nidaros to 1537
(Language: English)
Michael Tobin, Independent Scholar Baltimore
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Language and Literature - Scandinavian, Liturgy, Religious Life
Paper 806-bThe Office of St Botvid: How to Venerate a Regional Saint in Medieval Sweden
(Language: English)
Karin Lagergren, Institutionen för musik och bild, Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö
Index terms: Hagiography, Liturgy, Music, Religious Life
Paper 806-cSwedish Envoys to Rome in the Late Middle Ages
(Language: English)
Michael Frost, Centre for Scandinavian Studies, University of Aberdeen
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Genealogy and Prosopography, Politics and Diplomacy, Religious Life

Paper -a:
This paper examines the history of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Nidaros (and overarching Province) from its inception in 1152 to the triumph of Lutheranism (in 1537). A particular emphasis is placed on the ecclesiastical and political evolution of the Province's overseas and island dioceses, namely those of Greenland, Iceland, the Faeroe, Shetland and Hebrides islands, as well as the Isle of Man. As such, it constitutes the first comprehensive history of the Province written in English and documents a temporal Christianised addendum to earlier Norse movement and colonisation that functions as a 'network overlay' palimpsest of those Viking pathways.

Paper -b:
St Botvid of Botkyrka in Sweden was a regional martyr saint who died in ca. 1120 and quickly became subject for a cult observed in all Swedish medieval dioceses. In the 13th century, an Office was compiled which until now has remained unedited. The Office is preserved as fragments in the National Archives in Stockholm, Sweden. Chants for first and second Vespers, Matins, and Lauds are preserved but the little hours seem not to have been included in the Office. This presentation contextualises Botvid and his legend within other martyr saints of medieval Scandinavia and discusses the chants in the Office of which most seem to be unique pieces.

Paper -c:
The late 15th and early 16th centuries were a period of uniquely intense diplomatic contact between the kingdom of Sweden and the Papacy, due in large part to the former's recurrent conflicts with the Oldenburg kings of Denmark-Norway. However, the many envoys sent to Rome by the Swedish crown/regency (and by other Swedish entities such as the cathedral chapters and Vadstena Abbey) during these years have not been studied as a group before, in contrast to their Danish-Norwegian counterparts. In this paper I will trace the history of Swedish diplomatic interactions with the papacy during this period, and examine the careers of the Swedish envoys before, during, and after their visits to Rome, as well as their professional networks both in Italy and in Scandinavia.