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IMC 2023: Sessions

Session 817: Cultural and Religious Networks in Medieval Iberia, IV: Making Martyrs in Liturgy and Hagiography

Tuesday 4 July 2023, 16.30-18.00

Sponsor:University of Bristol / Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Organiser:Kati Ihnat, Afdeling Geschiedenis, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Moderator/Chair:Rebecca Maloy, College of Music, University of Colorado, Boulder
Paper 817-aMartyrs by Numbers: Mining the Liturgical Commons
(Language: English)
Melanie Shaffer, College of Music, University of Colorado, Boulder
Index terms: Liturgy, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Music
Paper 817-bDeath of a Martyr: Violence and Suffering in Liturgy and Hagiography
(Language: English)
Kati Ihnat, Afdeling Geschiedenis, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Index terms: Hagiography, Liturgy, Religious Life
Paper 817-cMartyrs in al-Andalus: The Evidence from the Cordoban Calendar
(Language: English)
Cathrien Hoijinck, Departement Geschiedenis, Kunstgeschiedenis en Oudheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Index terms: Islamic and Arabic Studies, Liturgy, Manuscripts and Palaeography

The repertoire of saints in early medieval Iberia was heavily dominated by martyrs. Contrary to other areas of Western Christendom, where new saints - ascetics and confessors - were fairly quickly venerated, in Iberia martyrs remained the predominant type of saint commemorated in the liturgy and written about in hagiography, into the 11th century. This session will examine the many forms in which the veneration of martyrs took place across Iberia, through a number of different sources. We will look at how martyrs were constructed in music, through study of the commons for martyrs (Shaffer), through examination of themes of death and suffering in liturgy and hagiography (Ihnat), and through the celebration of martyrs in al-Andalus as attested by the few surviving sources from that area (Hoijinck). By analysing the construction of martyrs in commemorative sources, we will seek ultimately to understand what communities were looking for in their saints, and how they related to them.