IMC 2008: Sessions

Session 214: Cultural Responses to Natural Disasters in the Late Middle Ages: Northern Italy, Castile, France, and the Netherlands

Monday 7 July 2008, 14.15-15.45

Sponsor:Interdisciplinary Centre for Medieval Studies, Universität Salzburg
Organiser:Christian Rohr, Fachbereich Geschichte, Universität Salzburg
Moderator/Chair:Christian Rohr, Fachbereich Geschichte, Universität Salzburg
Paper 214-aLa nature et la politique dans la chronique de Jean II de Castille: Les catastrophes naturelles
(Language: Français)
Flora Ramires, Université Paris III - Sorbonne Nouvelle
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Language and Literature - Spanish or Portuguese, Political Thought, Rhetoric
Paper 214-cChanging Perception of Natural Disasters in the Low Countries between 1400 and 1600: Fact or Fiction?
(Language: English)
Adriaan M. J. de Kraker, Institute for Geoarchaeology & Bioarchaeology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Index terms: Daily Life, Mentalities, Social History

Studies on the perception(s), interpretation(s) and management of natural hazards and diseases have become one of the most dynamic fields in environmental history and in cultural history in general during the last years. Religious responses, such as apocalyptic interpretations or weather processions were only one way to cope with weather extremes or animal plagues. If people had got acquainted with extreme events, they normally built up a ‘culture of disaster’ (Greg Bankoff). The papers concern Italy, Castile, France, and the Netherlands and point out the diversity of coping strategies during the Late Middle Ages. In this way, they help to de-construct traditional clichés of medieval mentalities.