IMC 2008: Sessions

Session 826: The Early Crusades: Perceptions and Organisation

Tuesday 8 July 2008, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Jason T. Roche, St Andrews' Institute of Mediaeval Studies, University of St Andrews
Paper 826-aWere There Any Crusades before the First Crusade?: An Interpretation of Medieval Perception
(Language: English)
Patrick Stohler, Historisches Seminar, Universit├Ąt Basel
Index terms: Crusades
Paper 826-bRoads, Bridges, and River Transport in Crusade Expeditions from the West to Constantinople, 1096-1192
(Language: English)
Alan V. Murray, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
Index terms: Crusades
Paper 826-cThe Bioarchaeology of Latrines and Cesspools in Crusader Acre
(Language: English)
Piers D. Mitchell, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London
Index terms: Archaeology - General, Crusades, Daily Life, Medicine

Abstract -a: to be provided
Abstract -b: to be provided
Abstract -c:
The aim of this paper is to discuss the bioarchaeological analysis of a series of latrines and cesspools from Acre (Israel) that were in use during the crusader period (12-13th century). The largest of these were the latrines of the Order of St John, which had 35 toilet seats and was built on four floors. The findings include parasitic intestinal worm eggs, biomolecular evidence for dysentery, and elements of the diet including cereal grains, fruit stones, and animal bone. The results are interpreted with reference to crusader written texts describing daily life in cities such as Acre.