The Abbot of the monastery of St Albans sought to ensure that his tenants were only using mills belonging to the abbey, banning the use of hand mills on his manors. This was one of several factors that caused an increasing amount of tension between the abbey and its tenants, culminating in the revolts of 1327 and 1381, and continuing through to the 15th century. Much of the evidence for the use of mills and hand mills on the manors of St Albans can be found in the Extent and Halimote records of the manor of Codicote. This paper will examine the mills on the manors of St Albans, the troubles surrounding the mills, and the tenants who held licences for hand mills.
This paper examines the developing trade in malt which accompanied an expansion in barley cultivation and ale consumption in post-Black Death England. Particular attention will be given to the supply of malt to London, which drew an extensive area of the south midlands into its provisioning hinterland. Traders in malt characteristically inhabited small towns intermediate between London and a major barley producing zone to the north.
Thanks to the Mark Vitruvius work from the 1st century BC the construction of the mills has been known since ancient times. In Central and Eastern Europe the first mills began to appear in the Middle Ages and in the opinion of many historians this ability was brought by the Cistercians. The issue that has not been clarified yet is the role the mills played in the economy of the Cistercian abbeys on this territory. The following issues connected with this problem should be taken under consideration: what was the production capacity of the mills and what was the level of the income that the abbeys had attained thanks to them etc. In my speech I would attempt to answer these questions and clarify some more problematical issues.