This conference paper aims to demonstrate some, often implicit or simply unexpressed in modern historiography, correlations between building practices of the Franciscans and their liturgical cursus. Broad categories of materiality and visibility may explain well some pivotal patterns of church arrangements, when friars were able to stay literally and figuratively hidden and unseen during the daily offices and private meditations, but public during the sermons. Surprisingly, this could be affirmed by critical re-reading of the Franciscan devotional texts and illustrated by the variety of mendicant churches in Pre-Tridentine Italy, especially in case of various barriers, partitions, and separations within the body of one building.
The present communication proposal follows the doctoral thesis that we defended in the Faculty of Letters of the University of Lisbon, under the theme: ‘The hydraulic system in the Gothic sacred architecture in Portugal from the 13th to the 16th centuries’. This project starts from a concept of architecture understood as a structured set of systems that, in phase, are the concern of the master builder. In this set of systems is included the hydraulic system that we divide into upper and lower hydraulic subsystem. For this international congress we will focus our attention on the hydraulic system present in the Monastery of St Dinis de Odivelas, from the collection, distribution and evacuation of the waters, as well as the registration, description and iconographic analysis of the gargoyles present in the built complex.
One of the most impressive monuments in rural Tuscany is the 13th-century Cistercian abbey church San Galgano. Because San Galgano survived its colourful history as an abandoned ruin, it reveals with its now unplastered masonry a change in building material that ranges from high-quality marble-like travertine to yellowish rubble to brick. This paper demonstrates how the change in material is linked closely to the building’s history and how this change develops from a necessary evil to a rewarding technical innovation, especially with the introduction of shaped bricks at San Galgano.